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Evaluation of miR-146a Urinary Level as a Marker for Recurrence of Superficial Bladder Cancer after Transurethral Resection of Bladder Tumor (TUR-BT)

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1Amany K. Shahat*, 2Rabea G. Omar
1Microbiology and Immunology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Egypt
2Urology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Egypt

ABSTRACT

Background: The most prevalent malignancy affect the urinary system is bladder cancer which exhibits a markedly high recurrence rate. The level of urinary microRNA-146a (miR-146a) was significantly higher in superficial bladder cancer patients, and were decreased to normal range after transurethral resection of the bladder tumor (TUR-BT). Its level was increased again if there is recurrence of the superficial bladder tumor diagnosed by follow up cystoscopy. miR-146 may be a clinically important marker for diagnosis and recurrence of superficial bladder cancer and is used instead of follow up operations as follow up cystoscopy for follow up of recurrence . Objective: our work aims to detect a simple, reliable and noninvasive diagnostic and surveillance methods for follow up of superficial bladder cancer. Methodology: The level of miR-146a in urine of 30 superficial bladder cancer patients was evaluated by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction assay using voided urine samples before, after TUR-BT and after 3, 6,9,12 months of resection and compared with the result of follow up cystoscopy. Results: miR-146a was significantly increased in urine samples from patients with superficial cancer bladder than in those from the normal individuals (P <.000). Elevated urinary miR-146a levels in patients with bladder cancer were lowered to the normal level after TUR-BT and increased again in those who have tumor recurrence and remain in a normal level in those who have no recurrence after follow up for 3 ,6, 9,12 months after surgery(P=. 007, P=.000 respectively).Conclusion: Our study concluded that urinary miR-146a may be useful as a novel noninvasive diagnostic and follow up marker, anticancer agent or therapeutic target for superficial cancer bladder, also for increasing our knowledge of cancer biology.

About EJMM

The Egyptian Journal of Medical Microbiology EJMM  ISSN Print 1110-2179 - ISSN Online: 1110-2179, The official publication of Egyptian Society of Medical Microbiology

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