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Association between Guillain-Barré syndrome and Herpes virus family members, A Multiplex PCR study

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1Awatef M. Awwad, 2Ghada A. Ashmawi, 1Yasmin E. Hassan, 1Sara L. Asser*
1Microbiology and Immunology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University
2Neuropsychiatry Department, Faculty of Medicine, Alexandria University

ABSTRACT

Background: Guillain-Barré syndrome is a serious autoimmune peripheral neuropathy, in which the immune system attacks healthy nerve cells. The reason for this condition is unknown; however it is usually triggered by an associated infection, gastrointestinal or a respiratory, and to a less extent vaccination. Several infections have been encountered preceding Guillain-Barré syndrome: Campylobacter jejuni, Influenza, Cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, Mycoplasma pneumonia and HIV. Objectives: The aim of this research is to evaluate the etiological correlation between CMV, EBV & HHV-6 infection and Guillain Barre syndrome. Methodology: Peripheral blood samples were collected from 30 patients attending the clinic of Neurology Department, as well as 20 control subjects, to identify the presence of the CMV, EBV & HHV-6 viral genome by Real-time multiplex RCR. Results and Conclusion: This study revealed that CMV UL 32 gene was significantly higher among studied cases as compared to controls and thus may be an attributable etiological agent for triggering the disease.

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The Egyptian Journal of Medical Microbiology EJMM  ISSN Print 1110-2179 - ISSN Online: 1110-2179, The official publication of Egyptian Society of Medical Microbiology

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